Metabolism is a very important word and concept in the human body structure and function. It is not just important for people who are into a diet program but it is very important for everyone to know how their body functions. In simple terms metabolism is the body process of producing energy needed for the sustenance of the body as well as for cell renewal. In a normal body metabolism our body converts what is being digested to simple sugars called glucose. This glucose is primarily the nutrient source in the blood and the is the resource for most of the bodily functions. Now that you have a background about metabolism it is easier to understand that Diabetes is a metabolic disorder.
Remember that when we eat the food is digested and processed in the stomach by acids and also by enzymes found in the gastrointestinal system. There is a byproduct being produced in this process and that is the simple sugar glucose. Our cells then utilize the energy form that helps us in our daily functions as well as to help us replace any damage or dead cells. The problem lies in the malfunction happening when glucose cannot penetrate the cells. This is what happens if the body lacks the enzyme called insulin. Insulin is the enzyme or component that allows the cells in our body to absorb glucose.
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Our pancreas has a very important role in the production of insulin. It is what produces insulin in our bodies. As we eat the pancreas releases hormones enough to break down the important components of food and distribute the simple sugar glucose in the blood stream to the cells, in effect this lowers the sugar content in the blood.
In a diabetic person there is a problem in the amount of glucose being absorbed in the blood because of there isn’t enough insulin that will disperse the sugar to the blood. This condition is referred to as hyperglycemia. There are three possible cause of this; one is the body’s inability to produce insulin, second the body cannot produce sufficient amount of insulin or thirdly the body does not respond well or normally to the insulin that the pancreas produces.
The problem lies as the glucose builds up in the blood stream while the body cannot receive proper nourishment. This can pose to be a really harmful condition. There are many kinds of diabetes but it is notable that all kinds can be treated and managed. Though it is a chronic disease management is doable.